C o n s t i t u t i o n a l C h a l l e n g e of L a w s

Alan Young of Osgoode Hall is currently leading the Constitutional challenge of prostitution laws (Bedford vs. Canada). The Ontario Court of Appeal released it's judgement on March 26, 2012. Read more about the implications of the judgement here. The judge ruled that living off of the avails of prostitution and the bawdy house laws are unconstitutional and must be struck down.

"...the Court of Appeal upheld the trial judge’s decision that criminalizing brothels was a violation of section 7 of the Charter and struck it down. This aspect of the judgment will create a significant change in Canadian law if this decision stands." -Laura Johnston

If the Supreme Court deems that Canada's prostitution laws are indeed unconstitutional, parliament will be required to re-write or repeal Canada's legislation in regards to prostitution.

The Supreme Court has the ultimate power of judicial review over Canadian federal and provincial laws' constitutional validity. If a federal or provincial law has been held contrary to the division of power provisions of one of the various Constitution Acts, the legislature or Parliament must either live with the result, amend the law so that it complies, or obtain an amendment to the constitution. If a law is declared contrary to certain sections of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Parliament or the provincial legislatures may make that particular law temporarily valid again against by using the "override power" of the notwithstanding clause. In one case, the Quebec National Assembly invoked this power to override a Supreme Court decision (Ford v. Quebec (A.G.)) that held that one of Quebec's language laws banning the display of English commercial signs was inconsistent with the charter. Saskatchewan used it to uphold labour laws. This override power can be exercised for five years, after which time the override must be renewed, or the decision comes into force.

source: answers.com